**larger sizes available upon request**
Ruthenium: Has antioxidant properties. *
Studies have shown that ruthenium particles have antibacterial properties. Studies have shown that ruthenium is more effective against Gram positive and Gram negative pathogenic bacteria. *
T. Vadivel, M. Dhamodaran, Synthesis, characterization and antibacterial studies of ruthenium(III) complexes derived from chitosan schiff base. 2015 Nov 22; International Journal of Biological Macromolecules.
K. Gopinath et al. Antibacterial activity of ruthenium nanoparticles synthesized using Gloriosa superba L. leaf extract. 2014 March; Journal of Nanostructure in Chemistry.
Studies have shown that ruthenium particles have antioxidant properties. Oxidation is a chemical reaction that can produce free radicals, leading to chain reactions that may damage cells. *
Antioxidants are important because they help stop the effects of oxidation on cells. *
Redox Rep. 2005;10(3):139-43. Antioxidant activity of new ruthenium compounds. Paula MM1, Pich CT, Petronilho
F, Drei LB, Rudnicki M, de Oliveira MR, Moreira JC, Henriques JA, Franco CV, Dal Pizzol F.
DNA Cell Biol. 2011 Oct;30(10):829-38. doi: 10.1089/dna.2010.1170. Epub 2011 Mar 13. Ruthenium(II) polypyridyl complexes: synthesis and studies of DNA binding, photocleavage, cytotoxicity, apoptosis, cellular uptake, and antioxidant activity. Liu YJ1, Liang ZH, Li ZZ, Yao JH, Huang HL.
* These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.