Ruthenium: Has antioxidant properties.
Studies have shown that ruthenium particles have antibacterial properties. Studies have shown that
ruthenium is more effective against Gram positive and Gram negative pathogenic bacteria.
T. Vadivel, M. Dhamodaran, Synthesis, characterization and antibacterial studies of ruthenium(III) complexes
derived from chitosan schiff base. 2015 Nov 22; International Journal of Biological Macromolecules.
K. Gopinath et al. Antibacterial activity of ruthenium nanoparticles synthesized using Gloriosa superba L. leaf
extract. 2014 March; Journal of Nanostructure in Chemistry.
For the past three decades, anticancer chemotherapy has been derived from platinum based drugs.
While searching for drugs with fewer side effects, ruthenium has been researched and examined as a
possible alternative to traditional drugs in fighting cancer. Ruthenium has many positive properties
in fighting cancer and several clinical trials have been conducted with good results. For a more in
depth article about ruthenium and cancer read: Wikipedia Ruthenium anti-cancer drugs.
Antonarakis, Emmanuel S.; Emadi, Ashkan (2010). "Ruthenium-based chemotherapeutics: Are they ready for
prime time?". Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology 66 (1): 1–9. doi:10.1007/s00280-010-1293-1.
Studies have shown that ruthenium particles have antioxidant properties. Oxidation is a chemical
reaction that can produce free radicals, leading to chain reactions that may damage cells.
Antioxidants are important because they help to stop the effects of oxidation on cells.
Redox Rep. 2005;10(3):139-43. Antioxidant activity of new ruthenium compounds. Paula MM1, Pich CT, Petronilho
F, Drei LB, Rudnicki M, de Oliveira MR, Moreira JC, Henriques JA, Franco CV, Dal Pizzol F.
DNA Cell Biol. 2011 Oct;30(10):829-38. doi: 10.1089/dna.2010.1170. Epub 2011 Mar 13. Ruthenium(II) polypyridyl
complexes: synthesis and studies of DNA binding, photocleavage, cytotoxicity, apoptosis, cellular uptake, and
antioxidant activity. Liu YJ1, Liang ZH, Li ZZ, Yao JH, Huang HL.