Vanadium: Important for healthy bones. Inhibits the formation of cholesterol.
Tests on animals and human cells indicate that vanadium compounds may help promote osteogenesis, a process in which bone-forming cells lay down new bone material, according to a 2006 report published in the Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology. Studies in animals suggest that vanadium may be necessary for the formation of bones, teeth, and cartilage. Vanadium may also help in treating or preventing osteoporosis according to the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center.
Preliminary research suggests that vanadate may help improve the body's metabolism of blood sugar.
Additionally, some preliminary studies indicate that vanadate and other vanadium compounds may promote the movement of glucose into cells where glucose is broken down and used for energy. One clinical trial tested the use of vanadium in treatment of diabetes and showed that vanadium had beneficial effects on patients with type 2 diabetes. Vanadium may also improve insulin sensitivity, as well as lower total and LDL, or “bad cholesterol,” levels in people with type 2 diabetes, notes the University of Maryland Medical Center.
Goldfine AB, Patti ME, Zuberi L, Goldstein BJ, LeBlanc R, Landaker EJ, Jiang ZY, Willsky GR, Kahn CR. "Metabolic effects of vanadyl sulfate in humans with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus: in vivo and in vitro studies." Metabolism. 2000 Mar;49(3):400-10.
Studies have shown that vanadium compounds have preventive effects against chemical carcinogenesis in animals.
Evangelou Angelos. “Vanadium in Cancer Treatment.” June 2002 volume 42, Issue 3, Pages 249–265
Vanadium reduces the cholesterol in the liver cells and decreases in blood lipid content, accelerating their metabolism. Adequate vanadium content in the brain maintains its vessels in good condition, and prevents the development of sclerosis, prevents the risk of cardiovascular disease, hypertension.
G.L. Curran, J. Biol. Chem. 210, 765 (1954).
Wright Lemuel, Trager Roberta, Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications. 1960 Sept. 264-267.